Articles and Essays

NOTE: While The Nationalism Project is not an e-journal, the site does publish scholarly articles, theses, and dissertations. Particular emphasis is placed on work produced by graduate students, however others are welcome to submit work for consideration. Authors and readers should be aware that the works published in this section are not currently peer reviewed, although, depending on interest, it is possible that a peer review process will implemented at some future date. If you are interested in publishing a work on The Nationalism Project site, please contact the Webmaster.

Competing National Ideologies, Cyclical Responses: The Mobilisation of the Irish, Basque and Croat National Movements to Rebellion Against the State.
By Peter Anthony Ercegovac.

(Also available as an Acrobat PDF. 1.2MB)

This thesis was submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Philosophy at University of Sydney, 1999.

Summary: This thesis explores the role of the state as a catalyst for movement mobilisation, through the dynamic process of state centralisation and reciprocal peripheral actvism against the centre. What emerges is a parallel, yet interdependent, development of centre-periphery mobilisation. The state, hence provides the frame in which the challenge from the periphery occurs and also the ideological preconditions for peripheral counter movement mobilisation. Nationalism, as such, provides a social movement with an ideological and strategic link with past conflicts that allow protest communities to attain a level of historicity and continuity that more traditional forms of social movements would find difficult to achieve. It is within the cyclical formation and re-formation of state that political opportunity structures emerge between expanding and consolidating state centres and reactionary peripheries.

Maps, Markers, and Bodies: Hikers Constructing The Nation in German Forests
By Scott Moranda

(Also available as an Acrobat PDF. 196k)

This paper was submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for Bob Kaiser's Geography 918 at University of Wisconsin - Madison, Fall 2000.

Summary: Hiking had been a part of everyday life in Germany at least since the last decade of the nineteenth century. Hiking brought Germans to the forests – a key component of a symbolic national landscape. These forests were more than natural ecosystems; they were places constructed and preserved by state foresters, landscape architects, farmers, and communal forest administrators. Forest landscapes were monuments to the nation. However, forests were also places as historically contingent processes. Tourists entered forests and contributed to the social construction of a place; they brought their own meanings and often left behind their own mark. This paper describes several sets of tourists: Wandervogel youth, Naturfreunde socialists, Pfadfinder boy scouts and Heimat tourist societies. This will not be a complete analysis of all aspects of hiking life in Germany. Instead, it focuses specifically on three aspects of everyday hiking culture: map reading, trail construction, and body culture. If, indeed, foresters intended forests to represent one vision of the German nation, different tourists brought their own conception of a future nation to bear. On the trail, these hikers partook in the constant construction of the nation through their attempt to create both more natural bodies and more natural relationships with the landscape. Hikers hoped to secure their vision of the national body by constructing a better interface between individual German bodies and German soil.

False Opposites in Nationalism: An Examination of the Dichotomy of Civic Nationalism and Ethnic Nationalism in Modern Europe.
By Margareta Mary Nikolas

(Also available as an Acrobat PDF. 456k)

This thesis was submitted in fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Arts in European Studies at the Monash University Centre for European Studies, 1999.

Summary: This study is an examination of the exercise of nationalism as the assertion and/or reassertion of the mutual (political) sovereignty of a community in the form of a nation-state. It aims to explore two theoretically different routes and forms of exercise of nationalism focusing specifically on modern Europe. These two routes are civic nationalism and ethnic nationalism. For nationalism to be successful it must involve an interplay of the principles of both civic nationalism and ethnic nationalism, rather than these components acting as mutually exclusive concepts. The nature of this interplay is examined throughout the thesis and the collaboration is explored via two competing perspectives: that held by the modernists and that proposed by the ethnicists, both operating within the framework of modernity. The key distinction between the two is their focus and the point at which they identify a group imagining themselves as a community and society. Their respective cases will be critically examined with respect to those elements that determine that an interplay occurs.